Ph.D., University of Maryland at College Park, 1987
B.S., Northwestern University, China, 1981

Previous Experience

Dr. Shih held a postdoctoral research associate appointment in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at UMCP for two years before joining UMBC.

Professional Interests and Works

Dr. Shih’s major research field is Quantum Optics. Dr. Shih started the Quantum Optics Laboratory at UMBC in the fall of 1989. His laboratory has been recognized as one of the leading laboratories in the field of quantum optics that attempts to probe the foundation of quantum theory. His pioneering research on multi-photon entanglement, multi-photon interferometry, quantum imaging, and optical tests of foundations of quantum theory has attracted a great deal of attention. Dr. Shih received Willis E. Lamb Medal in 2002 for pioneering contributions to quantum electronics and especially the study of spatial coherence effects of multi-photon entangled states. In thirty years of teaching and research, he published hundreds of experimental and theoretical works in leading refereed journals on the subject of quantum optics and has given hundreds of invited lectures and presentations at national and international professional conferences and workshops. His book “An Introduction to Quantum Optics”, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis (2nd Edition, 2021), is a good summary of his thirty years research.

Selected Publications

“An Introduction to Quantum Optics”, (1st Edition, 2010) (2nd Edition, 2021), CRC Press, Taylor & Francis.

“Two-atom interferometer”, Phys. Rev. A, Letter, 103, L031303 (2021) M. Locke and Y.H. Shih.

“Two-photon X-ray ghost microscope”, Optics Express, 28, 32249-32265 (2020) T. Smith, Z. Wang, and Y.H. Shih.

“Turbulence-free interference induced by the turbulence itself”, Applied Physics Photonics, 5, 121302 (2020) T. Smith and Y.H. Shih.

“Turbulence-free two-photon double-slit interference with coherent and incoherent light”, Optics Express, 27, 33282-33297 (2019) T. Smith and Y.H. Shih.

“Turbulence-Free Double-slit Interferometer”, Phys. Rev. Lett., 120, 063606 (2018) T. Smith and Y.H. Shih.

“Radiation damage free ghost diffraction with atomic resolution”, J. Phys. B (Open Access), 51, 025503 (2017) Z. Li, N. Medvedev, H.N. Chapman, and Y.H. Shih.

“Spatial interference between pairs of disjoint optical paths with a single chaotic source.”, Optics Express, 25(6), 6589 (2017) M. Cassano, M. D’Angelo, T. Peng, V. Tamma, and Y.H. Shih.

“Thermal x-ray diffraction and near-field phase contrast imaging”, Euro Phys. Lett., 120, 16003 (2017) Z. Li, A. Classen, T. Peng, N. Medvedev, H.N. Chapman, and Y.H. Shih.

“Bell correlation of thermal fields in photon-number fluctuations”, Europhys Lett., 112, 60006 (2016) T. Peng and Y.H. Shih.

“Super-resolution imaging using the spatial-frequency filtered intensity fluctuation correlation.”, Nature Sci. Rep., 6, 38077 (2016) J. Spring and Y.H. Shih.

“The Physics of Turbulence-Free Ghost Imaging”, Technologies (Open Access), 4, 39, http://www.mdpi.com/2227-7080/4/4/39 (2016) Y.H. Shi).

“Popper’s experiment with randomly paired photons in thermal state”, Europhysics Lett., 109, 14003 (2014) T. Peng, J. Simon, H. Chen, R. French, and Y.H. Shih.

“Delayed choice Quantum Eraser with Thermal Light”, Phys. Rev. Lett., 112, 180401 (2014) T. Peng, H. Chen, H., Y.H. Shih, and M.O. Scully.

“100% Correlation of Chaotic-thermal Light”, Phys. Rev. A 88, 023808 (2013) H. Chen, T. Peng, and Y.H. Shih.

“Positive-negative turbulence-free ghost imaging”, Appl. Phys. Lett. Vol. 100, 131114 (2012) R.E. Meyers, K.S. Deacon, and Y.H. Shih.

“Virtual Ghost Imaging through Turbulence and Obscurants using Bessel Beam Illumination”, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 100, 061126 (2012) R.E. Meyers, K.S. Deacon, A.D. Tunick, and Y.H. Shih.

“Simulation of Bell States with Incoherent Thermal Light”, New Journal of Physics, Vol. 13, 083018 (2011) H. Chen, T. Peng, S. Karmaker, and Y.H. Shih.

“Observation of anti-correlation in incoherent thermal light fields”, Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 84, 033835 (2011) H. Chen, T. Peng, S. Karmakar, Z.D. Xie, and Y.H. Shih.

“The 3rd-order correlation function and ghost imaging of chaotic thermal light in photon counting regime”, Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 81, 043831 (2010) Y. Zhou, J. Simon, J. Liu, and Y.H. Shih.

“Observation of two-color ghost imaging”, Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 81, 033845 (2010) S. Karmakar and Y.H. Shih.

“Factoring numbers with an interferometer”, J. Mod. Opt. Vol. 56, 2125 (2009) V. Tamma, H. Zhang, X.H. He, A. Garuccio, and Y.H. Shih.

“Nth-order coherence of thermal light”, Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 79, 023818 (2009) J.B. Liu and Y.H. Shih.

“Ghost Imaging Experiment by Measuring Reflected Photons,” Phys. Rev. A, Rapid Comm., Vol. 77, 041801 (R) (2008) R. Meyers, K.S. Deacon, and Y.H. Shih.

“Transverse correlations in multiphoton entanglement”, Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 76, 045802 (2007) J.M. Wen, M.H. Rubin, and Y.H. Shih.

“Transverse Correlation in Triphoton Entanglement: Geometrical and Physical Optics”, Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 76, 023828 (2007) J.M. Wen, P. Xu, M.H. Rubin, and Y.H. Shih.

“Quantum Imaging,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE 13, 1016 (2007) Y.H. Shih.

“Can Two-Photon Correlation of Chaotic Light Be Considered as Correlation of Intensity Fluctuation?,” Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 96, 063602 (2006) G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y.H. Shih.

“Phase-Conjugate Mirror via Thermal Light Two-photon Imaging”, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 88, 061106 (2006) G. Scarcelli, V. Berardi, and Y.H. Shih.

“Resolution of quantum and classical ‘ghost’ imaging”, Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 72, 013810 (2005) M. D’Angelo, A. Valencia, M.H. Rubin, and Y.H. Shih.

“Two-photon Imaging with Thermal Light,” Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 94, 063601 (2005) A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D’Angelo, and Y.H. Shih.

“Two-photon Interference with Thermal Light,” Europhysics Lett., Vol. 68, 618 (2004) G. Scarcelli, A. Valencia, and Y.H. Shih.

“Distant Clock Synchronization using Entangled Photon Pairs”, Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 85, 2655 (2004) A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, and Y.H. Shih.

“Experimental Study of the Momentum Correlation of a Pseudo-Thermal Field in the Photon-Counting Regime”, Phys. Rev. A, Rapid Comm., Vol. 70, 051802(R) (2004) G. Scarcelli, A. Valencia, and Y.H. Shih.

“Identifying Entanglement Using Quantum Ghost Interference and Imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 92, 233601 (2004) M. D’Angelo, Y.H. Kim, S.P. Kulik, and Y.H. Shih.

“Remote Spectral Measurement Using Entangled Photons”, Appl. Phys. Lett, Vol. 83, 5560 (2003) G. Scarcelli, A. Valencia, S.Gompers and Y.H. Shih.

“Experimental Entanglement Concentration and Universal Bell-State Synthesizer”, Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 67, Rapid Comm., 010301(R) (2003) Y.-H. Kim, M.V. Chekhova, S.P. Kulik, and Y.H. Shih.

“Entangled Two-photon Wave Packet in a Dispersive Medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 88, 183601 (2002) A. Valencia, M.V. Chekhova, A. Trifonov, and Y.H. Shih.

“Quantum Imaging, Quantum Lithography and the Uncertainty Principle”, Special Issue of Journal of Modern Optics, Vol. 49, 2275 (2002) Y.H. Shih.

“Quantum Teleportation with a Complete Bell State Measurement”, Special Issue of Journal of Modern Optics, Vol. 49, 221 (2002) Y.-H. Kim, S. P. Kulik, and Y. Shih.

“Anti-correlation effect in femtosecond-pulse pumped type-II spontaneous parametric down-conversion”, Physical Review A, Rapid Comm., Vol. 64, 011801(R) (2001) Y.-H. Kim, V. Berardi, M. V. Chekhova, and Y.H. Shih.

“Bell State Preparation Using Pulsed Non-Degenerate Two-Photon Entanglement”, Phys. Rev. A, Rapid Comm., Vol. 63, 060301(R) (2001) Y.-H. Kim, S.P. Kulik, and Y.H. Shih.

“Two-photon Diffraction and Quantum Lithography,” Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 87, 013602(R) (2001) M. D’Angelo, M.V. Chevova, and Y.H. Shih.

“Interferometric Bell State Preparation using Femtosecond Pulse Pumped Spontaneous Parametric Down-Conversion”, Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 63, 062301 (2001) Y.H. Kim, M.V. Chekhova, S.P. Kulik, M.H. Rubin, and Y.H. Shih.

“Quantum Teleportation with Complete Bell State Measurement,” Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 86, 1370 (2001) Y.H. Kim, S.P. Kulik, and Y.H. Shih.

“Temporal Indistinguishability and Quantum Interference”, Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 62, 043820 (2001) Y.H. Kim, V. Berardi, M.V. Chekova, A. Garuccio, and Y.H. Shih.

“High-intensity Pulsed Source of Space-time and Polarization Double-entangled Photon Pairs”, Phys. Rev. A, Rapid Comm., Vol. 62, 011802(R) (2000) Y.H. Kim, S.P. Kulik, and Y.H. Shih.

“First-order Interference of Nonclassical Light Emitted Spontaneously at Different Times”, Phys. Rev. A, Rapid Comm., Vol. 61, 051803(R) (2000) Y.H. Kim, M.V. Chekhova, S.P. Kulik, Y.H. Shih, and M.H. Rubin.

“Quantum Entanglement: from Popper’s Experiment to Quantum Eraser”, Optics Communications, Vol. 179, 357 (2000) Y.H. Shih and Y.H. Kim.

“Delayed Choice Quantum Eraser”, Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 84, 1 (2000) Y. Kim, R. Yu, S.P. Kulik, Y.H. Shih and M.O. Scully.

“Experimental Demonstration of Popper’s Experiment: Violation of the Uncertainty Principle?”, Foundations of Physics, Vol. 29, 1849 (1999) Y.H. Kim and Y.H. Shih.

“Experimental Study of a Subsystem in an Entangled Two-photon State”, Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 60, 2685 (1999) D.V. Strekalov, Y.H. Kim, and Y.H. Shih.

“Quantum Interference by Two Temporally Distinguishable Pulses”, Phys. Rev. A, Rapid Comm., Vol. 60, R37 (1999) Y.H. Kim, M.V. Chekhova, S.P. Kulik, and Y.H. Shih.

“Optical Wigner Functions for Two-photon Entangled Wave Packets”, JOSB, Vol. 16, 1730 (1999) Y. Ben-Aryeh, Y.H. Shih, and M.H. Rubin.

“What We Can Learn About Single Photons in A Two-Photon Interference Experiment”, Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 57, 567 (1998) D.V. Strekalov, T.B. Pittman, and Y.H. Shih.

“Interference Effects in Spontaneous Two-Photon Parametric Scattering from Two Macroscopic Regions”, Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 56, 3214 (1997) A.V. Burlakov, D.N. Klyshko, S.P. Kulik, A.N. Penin, Y.H. Shih, and D.V. Strekalov.

“Two-Photon Geometric Phase”, Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 56, 3129 (1997) D.V. Strekalov and Y.H. Shih.

“Can Two-Photon Interference Be Considered the Interference of Two Photon?,” Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 77, 1917 (1996) T.B. Pittman, D.V. Strekalov, A. Migdall, M.H. Rubin, A.V. Sergienko, and Y.H. Shih.

“New High-Intensity Source of Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs”, Phys., Rev. Lett., Vol. 75, 4337 (1995) P.G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A.V. Sergienko, and Y.H. Shih.

“Optical Imaging by Means of Two-Photon Entanglement”, Phys. Rev. A, Rapid Comm., Vol. 52, R3429 (1995) T.B. Pittman, D.V. Strekalov, A.V. Sergienko and Y.H. Shih.

“Observation of Two-Photon `Ghost’ Interference and Diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 74, 3600 (1995) D.V. Strekalov, A.V. Sergienko, D.N. Klyshko, and Y.H. Shih.

“Experimental Tests of Bell’s Inequalities Based on Space-Time and Spin Variables”, Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 51, 3495 (1995) T.B. Pittman, Y.H. Shih, A.V. Sergienko, and M.H. Rubin.

“The Theory of Two-photon Entanglement in Type II Optical Parametric Down Conversion”, Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 50, 5122 (1994) M.H. Rubin, D.N. Klyshko, Y.H. Shih, and A.V. Sergienko.

“Two-Photon Entanglement in Type II Parametric Down Conversion”, Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 50, 23 (1994) Y.H. Shih, A.V. Sergienko, M.H. Rubin, T.E. Kiess and C.O. Alley.

“A Two-Photon Interference Experiment Using Type II Optical Parametric Down Conversion”, Phys. Lett. A, Vol. 191, 201 (1994) Y.H. Shih and A.V. Sergienko.

“Two Photon Interference in A Standard Mach-Zehnder Interferometer”, Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 49, 4243 (1994) Y.H. Shih, A.V. Sergienko, T.E. Kiess, M.H. Rubin, and C.O. Alley.

“Two-Photon Anti-Correlation in A Hanbury Brown-Twiss Type Experiment”, Phys. Lett. A, Vol. 186, 29 (1994) Y.H. Shih, A.V. Sergienko.

“Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm Experiment Using Pairs of Light Quanta Produced by Type II Parametric Down Conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 71, 3893 (1993) T.E. Kiess, Y.H. Shih, A.V. Sergienko, and C.O. Alley.

“Study of Induced Temporal Coherence in Optical Parametric Down Conversion”, Journal of Modern Optics (Letter), Vol. 40, 1425 (1993) A.V. Sergienko, Y.H. Shih, and M.H. Rubin.

“Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen State for Space-Time Variables in A Two Photon Interference Experiment”, Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 47, 1288 (1993) Y.H. Shih, A.V. Sergienko, and M.H. Rubin.

“Models of a Two Photon EPR Interference Experiment”, Phys. Rev. A, Vol. 45, 8138 (1992) M.H. Rubin and Y.H. Shih.

“New Type of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm Experiment Using Pairs of Light Quanta Produced by Optical Parametric Down Conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 61, 2921 (1988) Y.H. Shih and C.O. Alley.